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FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN ARAB REGION

Publication

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is considered a human rights violation and is condemned in several international conventions and treaties. The Arab region is home to 50 million cases of FGM, accounting for a quarter of global cases.The urgency to end FGM is reflected in its inclusion as a target in the Sustainable Development Goals, as part of goal five to achieve gender equality and empower women and girls. The root causes of FGM are complex and include a mix of deeply entrenched sociocultural, religious, economic, and political factors rooted in gender inequality and discrimination. In the Arab region, there is lack of evidence on the impact of humanitarian crises, in particular the effects of conflict and forced displacement on rates and drivers of FGM. As a result of this lack of data and evidence, FGM is often considered a “secondary” issue in these contexts and is overshadowed by other priorities, leaving women and girls at risk of FGM and a lack of supportive services for survivors. Effective and evidence-based prevention and response interventions are urgently needed to address this critical issue. This report synthesizes learnings to address these gaps from a scoping review and participatory discussions with experts and practitioners working on FGM across the humanitarian–development nexus. 

 

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PROMOTING TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE APPROACH TO END HARMFUL PRACTICES IN THE ARAB REGION

Publication

Promoting transitional justice approach to end harmful practices in the Arab region” examines the applicability of transitional justice approach, which is used to address legacy of human rights violations, to end harmful practices with specific focus on FGM and child/forced marriage. The paper argues that the current mode of engagement to end FGM and child marriage will not lead to zero tolerance by 2030 or even 2050. It suggests the need for a vocal and enforced approach to break the curve of progress on FGM and child marriage. It provides some insights on the broader linkages between TJ and achieving SDGs, argues that the narrow approach that is so far implemented in approaching TJ to reach justice is not enough; a more sustainable approach that links ending harmful practices to the overall development of women and girls in the context of a broader development agenda is needed. 

 

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Yemen Response: Situation Report #03 October - December 2021

Publication

As 2021 came to a close, Yemen remained one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises, with some 20.7 million people in need of some form of humanitarian assistance or protection. The country situation, which is primarily driven by conflict and an economic blockade, has been exacerbated by COVID-19, heavy rains and flooding, escalating hostilities, currency collapse, decreased government capacity and access challenges.

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Joint Technical Brief on Stillbirth Situation and Way Forward for the East Mediterranean, Arab States, and Middle East and North Africa Region

Publication

The aim of this joint technical brief by WHO EMRO/ UNFPA ASRO/ UNICEF MENARO is to disseminate the situation analysis findings on stillbirths in the region, and to renew the global call for collective action with a focus on ending preventable stillbirths in our region and ensuring respectful bereavement care when stillbirths do occur, in part through strengthening data and the maternal and newborn health program response.

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Menstrual Hygiene Management in Emergencies

Publication

'Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) refers to a range of interventions that enable women and girls to manage their monthly menstrual flow in a safe, dignified and hygienic way. Menstrual health and hygiene interventions can not only support women’s and girls’ access to MHM, but also be a gateway for gender-transformative programming. MHM programming in emergencies requires an interdisciplinary and multifaceted approach and involves adjustments and improvements to a range of sectoral interventions including Gender-Based Violence (GBV), Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH), Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Education, Non Food Items (NFIs) and Emergency Shelter. This guidance note aims to support UNFPA country offices in the Arab region in their efforts to improve the quality, broaden the scope and scale up MHM programming in emergencies. This guidance note focuses on the process of designing and supporting programmes from the vantage point of UNFPA and its mandate, offering practical guidance and links to existing resources on MHM'. 

 

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Integrating Cash Assistance into GBV Case Management: A Lebanon Case Study

Publication

As part of the humanitarian response in Lebanon, UNFPA Lebanon piloted the integration of cash assistance within GBV case management services. UNFPA implemented three different types of cash assistance: one-off emergency cash assistance, recurrent cash assistance, and cash for transport. These forms of cash assistance were integrated into comprehensive GBV services offered by UNFPA and its partners, with a goal of improving protection outcomes for GBV survivors and mitigating individuals’ risk of GBV. The integration of cash assistance within GBV case management proved to have a positive impact both on mitigating further risk of GBV and on supporting the access to a comprehensive package of GBV services aimed at improving resilience and wellbeing of survivors and individuals at risk.

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Women and Girls Choose: Cash Assistance in GBV Case Management Saves Lives

Publication

As part of a coordinated response to gender-based violence (GBV), UNFPA and its partners provide a structured GBV case management process to survivors that can include referrals to medical, legal and other specialised services. This process provides a follow-up to challenges that a survivor may be facing, but these services may come with a cost that can be a barrier for survivors, such as transport, legal, or specialised medical costs. To address these barriers, UNFPA colleagues have integrated life-saving cash assistance into survivors’ case action plans. Cash is dignifying, discreet, and flexible, helping survivors to escape violence and violent relationships, seek emergency medical care, secure temporary shelter, and buy food and other essentials for themselves and their children. UNFPA is continually refining its approach based on feedback from cash recipients, their case managers, and implementing partners in the field. This document presents key insights and knowledge gained from these efforts.

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2022 Gender Based Violence Advocacy Brief

Publication

The year 2021 marked the end of the 10th year of the conflict in Syria — one of the largest and longest modern humanitarian crises in the world. Ongoing insecurity, a deepening economic crisis, and the lasting effects of the COVID-19 pandemic all converged in 2021 to further exacerbate the risks of gender-based violence (GBV) for women and girls. Women and girls reported higher levels of intimate partner violence in 2021, predominantly associated with men spending longer periods of time at home, either due to COVID-19 restrictions or unemployment. These forms of violence are eroding the resilience of women and girls and can cause severe physical and mental health consequences, including unwanted pregnancies, permanent disabilities, and increased levels of psychological distress, which can sometimes result in suicide. Social stigmatisation continues to affect GBV survivors, including women and girls who survive detention, and marginalised women and girls more broadly.

 

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Bridges to Hope: Key findings from the Regional Impact Assessment of UNFPA’s Syria Response / 2021

Fact Sheet

Since the onset of the Syria crisis, UNFPA has been providing sexual and reproductive health and gender-based violence services to Syrian refugees, displaced people, and host communities. UNFPA has conducted its fifth regional assessment spanning Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq to gauge the impact its programmes have had on the wellbeing of women, girls, boys, and men. The assessment also incorporated COVID-19 and its far-reaching ramifications throughout the process.

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TOWARDS A LIFE CYCLE PEOPLE-CENTERED APPROACH TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ICPD PLAN OF ACTION

Publication

This paper was prepared as part of the Asian and Arab Parliamentarians’ Project on Population and Development, - an ongoing cooperation project between the UNFPA Arab States Regional Office (ASRO), the Asian Population and Development Association (APDA) and the Forum for Arab Parliamentarians for Population and Development (FAPPD) - which is funded by the Government of Japan.

This research paper examines the concept of how people-centered and life cycle approaches might help move forward the implementation of the Cairo declaration 1994 and the Plan of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD PoA 1994) and its subsequent reviews. It shed light on the achievements, gaps, challenges, and emerging issues related to the implementation of the ICPD through regional and global reviews with a focus on sexual and reproductive health. 

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